AIM: To determine the incidence
and pattern of ocular injuries at the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu
University Teaching Hospital Awka, Nigeria
METHODS: This is a retrospective
hospital based study carried out at the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu
University Teaching Hospital, Awka. The case notes of new patients seen at
the Eye unit of the hospital from July 2016 to June 2018 were examined. Those
with eye injuries were further reviewed. Relevant information was extracted for
the study. The results were analysed using the scientific calculator and
presented with frequency tables and bar chart.
RESULTS: Out of the 2559 new patients
seen, 156 (6.1%) had unilateral eye injuries while four patients sustained bilateral
ocular trauma giving rise to 160 injured eyes. Of the 156 patients, 97
(62.2%) were males while 59 (37.8%) were females, with male to female ratio of
1.6 : 1. The age range was 6 months to 92 years, mean age 33.4 years. Fist 45
(28.8%) was the most common agent causing injuries followed by missiles 26
(16.7%). Activities leading to injuries included fighting 39 (25%), playing 22
(14.7%), vocational work 19 (12.2%) and farming 18 (11.5%). Seventy-two eyes
(45%) had visual acuity of 6/6 to 6/18 and 56 (35%) had acuity of <3/60 in
the injured eyes. Ocular contusion 39 (25%) was the most common diagnosis.
Fifty- eight patients (37.2%) presented within 24 hours whereas 3 cases (1.9%)
came after one month.
CONCLUSION: Ocular injury
can be encountered in any activity engaged by man. It may be accidental or
deliberately inflicted. Males and younger age group are more at risk. Fight was
the most common activity leading to eye trauma in our audit. Generally, there
was delayed presentation at the hospital following the injury. However, the
severer the injury, the earlier the presentation.
Pattern; Ocular injury; Presentation.
Volume of the Orient Journal of Surgical Sciences is out with a bang. An
Orthopaedic article is featured along with original articles from the fields of
Ophthalmology and General surgery.
consistent with the policy of the Journal, each published article provides
unique valuable clinical and scientific information on the respective subjects
issues of the Orient Journal of Surgical Sciences would be featuring quality
articles from the wider fields of Anaesthesia, Pathology, Otorhinolaryngology
(ENT), Radiology, Plastic surgery, Neurosurgery and Gynaecology.
department of surgery of the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching
Hospital (COOUTH), Awka, Nigeria is pleased to publish this 2nd edition of the
Orient Journal of Surgical Sciences.
aspiration of the editorial team is to publish quality peer reviewed articles
that meet international standards at a minimum frequency of once per year in
the select specialties and this volume has met that commitment. This volume
contains articles of great importance particularly to the Ophthal-mologists and
The Maiden Edition of the Orient Journal of Surgical
Sciences Was Published on Wednesday 25th March 2020.
Hard Copies are now available at ₦1,000
per copy (or its USD $ equivalent) payable at site of collection at the Department
of Surgery Office, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital
(COOUTH) Awka, Nigeria or into the Journal bank account with the
Bank - Zenith bank; Account
Number: 1016472847; Account Name: COOUTH - The Orient Journal of
Editorial Board is also calling on all prospective Authors for the submission
of new articles towards the 2nd issue scheduled for publication in September